Bolter, Jay David. "Authors and Readers in an Age of Electronic Texts." Literary Texts in an Electronic Age: Scholarly Implications and Library Services. Ed. Brett Sutton. Illinois: Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1994.
Costanzo, William V. The Electronic Text: learning to write, read, and reason with computers. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Educational Technology Publications, 1989.
Flim, Leona. Bookish versus electronic text (microform) Ottawa: National Library of Canada, 1992.
Lanham, Richard A. The Electronic Word: Democracy, Technology, and the Arts. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1993.
McLuhan, Marshall. Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1964.
Wilkinson, Alex. "Learning to Read in Real Time." Classroom Computers and Cognitive Science. Ed. Wilkinson. New York: Academic Press, 1983.